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How to Write More Effective Essays

Every student knows how demanding and at times unbearable essay writing can be. We aim to alleviate your academic burden by sharing some simple but very effective recommendations on how to write more effective papers.

You already know that to create a truly effective and strong five-paragraph essay you need to include the introduction, body, and the conclusion into it. But apart from these components, these are other important aspects you need to take into account to achieve the best possible results. Let’s dive into it!


Hooking Your Reader

Once you get down to creating your introduction, the first thing you should pay your attention to is a hook, also called a lead. It’s the first paragraph in your paper that gets readers interested in reading about your essay. So, take care to make your opening sentences engaging, interesting, and pertinent to your topic, of course. Thus, you’ll manage to win more attention from your audience. 


Providing Context

The next step is providing appropriate context for your topic. The paragraphs where you give the context are called the background or bridge. This is a few sentences that contain facts, opinions, numbers, or the history about the topic. The background is a very important part of your paper which allows your audience to take in the message about your topic. The reason this part is also referred to as a bridge is because it takes people from your hook to the thesis statement. Note that your background paragraph should prepare your readers for your answer to the question in your essay prompt.


Crafting a Strong Thesis

Inarguably, no academic paper can do without a thesis. It tells your main ideas about the chosen topic and explains your position in relation to it. Moreover, the thesis expresses the subject and direction of your essay. It is usually written in one sentence and appears as the last line in your intro.

Of course, some textbooks and teachers will instruct you that you can put the controlling idea anywhere in the essay. But if you aim to make your essay effective, you want to put yours exactly as the last line of your intro so that it’s right there at the front of the essay, it sets up the essay, and it reduces confusion. You also want to refrain from incorporating any general terms and abstraction in your thesis. Keep it specific, succinct, and clear. It would be great if you can provide some fresh, genuine, and unexpected insight. Travel off the beaten tracks! There is nothing else in the world that can impress your instructor more that an original thesis. Just make sure you can provide substantial support for it. 

Also, note that a good thesis is arguable and debatable, which is why you need to outline the three reasons why you feel this or that way about the topic.


Writing Body Paragraphs

An effective paragraph in a college essay consists of several sentences unified by a common point. Most paragraphs would begin with a general statement, or topic sentence, and develop that sentence using supporting sentences. The topic sentence should express the main idea and the controlling idea or the writer’s attitude about the topic. In order to achieve paragraph unity, it’s important to limit the scope of your topic sentence. Development of the topic sentence through the use of supporting material is essential to an effective paragraph. Finally, the effective paragraph will typically end with a concluding sentence that reiterates the point and links that point to the thesis of the essay.

Composing an effective topic sentence
Note that the topic sentence and concluding sentence take up less space than the supporting sentences. Also, keep in mind that a single paragraph cannot cover as much ground as the entire essay. Some topics are so broad that they require several paragraphs for adequate development. On the other hand, the topic sentence of a single paragraph should be limited to what can be developed in a few sentences. For example, the topic “The effects of poor money management on society” might be appropriate for a long book, but not for a single paragraph. To make this topic appropriate for a single paragraph, you need to find more specific words to replace the overly general ones. Thus, “The effects of overspending on your professionals” would work much better and be more appropriate for a single paragraph.

Adding supporting sentences
The topic sentence sets up an expectation among readers that the writer will fully explain and develop the controlling idea in supporting sentences. These sentences may be divided into two groups: the major supporting details and minor supporting details. The former group helps to explain and elaborate on the topic sentence, while the latter, in turn, present concrete evidence in support of the major detail.

Wrapping up with a concluding sentence
The concluding paragraph is the last piece in the three-part paragraph structure. This sentence is an opportunity to explain how your evidence contributes to the topic and how the paragraph as a whole supports the thesis. Students often overlook the concluding sentence because they believe the supporting evidence speaks for itself. A better plan in to ensure beyond any doubt that the reader is satisfied that the topic has been fully developed. Moreover, the concluding sentence sets up a logical transition to the idea expressed in the next paragraph.


Writing a Conclusion

It’s time to draw your paper to a close. First things first, restate your thesis so that your readers remember why you decided to write your essay. That being said, you don’t want to be too repetitive and restate what’s been said verbatim. Such a conclusion won’t score you many points. So, make sure to reword your main ideas and say what you’ve already said in a different way than you did in your intro.
Remember that each completed paper gets you one step closer to your goal, which is becoming a brilliant essay writer. In you apply the steps outlined above each time you approach an assignment, you will develop the skills and attitude necessary for academic success.


The article was written by the top writing expert at, the education platform that provides academic writing-related services to students.